Category Archives: British/Commenwealth Forces

August 4th, 1914 – World War One

Drummer Ernest Sheppard

Drummer Ernest Sheppard  served with the 1st battalion Scots Guards during the 1882 Egypt Campaign. he is entitled to the Egypt Medal (clasp Tel-El-Kebir) and the Khedives Star 1882.

He was born on January 15th, 1860.

On July 10th, 1874 he enlisted at the Westminster Police Court with the Scots Fusilier Guards in London. He was 14 years and 6 months old boy,. He was 4’ 9”, had grey eyes and light brown hair.

His father was Giles, mother Eliza, sister Emilia and brother Frederick George, they were living at 24 Octavo Street in London.

He was appointed Drummer on September 26th, 1880. The band was composed of 25 members, of those 13 were drummer.

Picture showing a Scots Guards Drummer in Alexandria, Egypt on AUgust 12th 1882

Alexandria August 12 1882 b

Picture of showing 2nd battalion Scots Guards band uniform in 1885

Music band 2

July 30th 1882: The 1st battalion of the Scots Guards sailed from Albert Docks in London, England on the ship Orient. He was one of thirteenth Drummer who served with the regiment in Egypt.

August 12th: The battalion disembarked in Alexandria, Egypt

August 18th: From Alexandria they embarked to Ismaila. They arrived on August 22nd

August 24th: Guard’s brigade was held in support at Tel-El-Mikuta. They did some repair and clearing the Canal.

September 12th: The Guard’s Brigade was called-up is support to Graham’s Brigade at Kassassin

September 13th (early morning): Battle of Tel-el-Kebir. The Guard’s Brigade including the Scots Guards were held in reserve, by the time the regiment reached enemy’s parapet the battle was almost over.

The Scots Guards Regiment was part of the Guards Brigade with the 2nd Battalion Grenadier Guards, 2nd Battalion Coldstream Guards and the 1st Battalion Scots Guards. They were all under the command of His Royal Highness Prince Arthur the Duke of Connaught (Queen Victoria’s 7th child)

He came back to United Kingdom on November 14th.

Egypt Medal with clasp Tel-el-Kebir

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He was appointed Lance-Corporal on December 31st, 1884

He was promoted to the rank of Corporal on April 1st, 1885

He was discharged medically unfit due to palpitations of the heart July 8th, 1886 in Richmond Barracks in Dublin, Ireland. His conduct was listed as “exemplary”

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Private and police constable John Campbell

Private John Campbell  served with the 1st battalion Scots Guards during the Boers War and in World War One. Between those two conflicts he served as a police constable with the city of Glasgow, Scotland. He is entitled to the Queen South Africa Medal clasps Belfast, Orange Free State, Belmont, the King South Africa Medal, the 1914-15 Star, the British War Medal, the Victory Medal and the 1903 Visit to Scotland Medal.

Private John Campbell medals

Campbell 4

John Campbell was born in Paisley, Renfrew, Scotland on March 9th, 1875, His father was James Campbell and his mother was Janet Hamilton.

1881 Scotland Census: He was living at 11 Castle Street in Paisley, Scotland. He had 4 sisters and 2 brothers

1891 Scotland Census: He was living at 105 Causeyside in Paisley, Scotland. He had 6 sisters and 3 brothers

He enlisted in the 1st battalion Scots Guards on December 28th, 1893. He said that he had some previous military service with the Argyle and Sutherland Highlanders. He joined the regiment in London on January 3rd. He was a laborer

Height: 5’ 10’’               weight: 135 lbs.           eyes: hazel       hair: dark brown

On June 12th, 1894 he completed his certificate of education 3rd class

July 1st, 1895: He was found sleeping at his post and was confined to his room. On August 6th, he was convicted to 49 days of prison. He returned to duty on August 24th.

Boers’ War

October 16th, 1899: The 1st Battalion Scots Guards was inspected by the Prince of Wales at Chelsea Barracks

October 21st: The battalion left Chelsea barracks and entrained at Nine Elm Station. They were part of the Guards Brigade with the 1st Division. They embarked on the Nubia and arrived in Cape Town, South Africa on November 13th.

November 21st: At 4h00 the battalion started advancing toward Belmont (12 miles).

Map showing Scots Guards position before the attack on Spur Hill

Red rectangle shows the objective – Red Arrow show the path the regiment followed for the attack

Belmont map 1

November 23rd: At 2 a.m. the battalion paraded and advanced to the rendezvous point at 3:15 a.m. The battalion launched its attack on Spur Hill, near Belmont at around 4 a.m.. Near the top, confronting a fierce Boers’ opposition they fixed bayonet for last push. Private John Campbell was severely wounded at both arms and on his side in that charge. During that particular attack the Scots Guard suffered many casualties 3 officers and 51 other ranks dead, 23 officers and 220 other ranks wounded.

Drawing showing Scots Guards assault on Spur Hill

XY2-1016860 - © - Classic Vision

He was sent back to United Kingdom and transferred to the 3rd battalion on January 17th, 1900

He was sent to South Africa and transferred to the 1st battalion on May 23rd.

He received his first Good Conduct Pay on March 18th 1901

He was back in United Kingdom on August 22nd 1902. Shortly after his arrival, he was transferred to the 3rd battalion (reserve) on September 9th.

He joined the Renfrewshire police on September 8th and he was stationed in Port Glasgow.

On January 5th, 1903 he was caught drunk on duty and was absent from the station from 7:20 am until 3 pm the next day. He was fined 2 days without pay.

He was part of a detachment sent to the City of Glasgow for the Royal visit in Scotland around May 14th. He would receive his King Edward VII Police (Scotland) Medal 1903 in March of 1904.

The Royal Proclamation for the Royal visit in Scotland

Glasgow proclamation

November 27th: He was caught drunk on duty a second time and this time he struck Sergeant McLean. He was dismissed the next day.

He reengaged with the Scots Guards on December 25th, 1905 to complete 16 years term.

On December 31st, 1907 he married Rosina McKellar in Glasgow. She was a servant and born in 1884. He was working with the Caledonian Railway Company as a railway brakeman

He was discharge from the army on December 24th, 1909

1911 Scotland Census: He was living with his wife at 116 Barclay Street in Paisley, Scotland. They had no kid.

World War One

He re-enlisted in the Scots Guards on July 2nd 1915. At the time he was living at 17 Barclay Street in Paisley, Scotland. Together with his wife Rosina, they had no children.

He entered France on October 7th and was transferred to the 2nd battalion on October 26th.

January 1916: The battalion spent the whole month near the villages Meville, they were shelled most of the day but this was very ineffective.

September 15th: Both battalions were part of a major attack that was not a success. It lasted until the 17th. They were sent to rest of the 18th. (2nd battalion 16 killed, 125 wounded and 28 missing)

The battalion launched a second attack to gain the missed objective of Leboeuf and Gueudecourt of September 15th, they suffered even more casualties 42 killed, 200 wounded and 88 missing

January-February 1917: No major fighting during that period but just a series of skirmishes and artillery bombardment.

March: The Germans retrieved their troops from the Hinderburgh Line and they provoked a series of small attacks from the British on their lines. Both Scots Guards regiment saw some fighting during that period.

June: Second Battle of Ypres

He was on leave to United Kingdom from July 9th 1917 to the 19th. He was then absent without permission from July 21st to the 23rd. He was fined with 3 days forfeit pay.

July 22nd: Germans launched a gas attack that continued until the 26th. On the 25th, Scots Guards launched their attack to raid the German lines. 6 killed. 28 wounded and 132 gassed

July 31st. Third Battle of Ypres. The 2nd battalion launched its attack at around 6:30 am, 38 minutes after 0 hours and suffered less casualties. He was wounded to the head by a gun shot. He was later admitted that day to the 47th Casualty Clearing Station. He was transferred to the 57th General hospital in Boulogne the next day and then to another hospital in Boulogne on August 9th.

October 8th: The 2nd battalion relieved the 1st and got into their position to lead next day’s attack. They are going to be relieved on the 13th.

November 24th: The battalion was sent to the lines for the Battle of Cambrai and take Bourlon Woods. They suffered many casualties but much less than their previous engagement.

November 30th: The Germans counter-attacked and both battalions were thrown back in the battle in order to stop the Germans advance. They were taken out of the lines on December 11th and had a quiet rest of December.

On February 9th, 1918, he was transferred to the 3rd battalion (reserve) and sent to England.

On March 6th, 1919, he was transferred back the 1st battalion and was discharged in London on June 11th.

He died on January 27th, 1932. He was struck by and engine of a railway train at Wallneuck Junction. He had a fracture skull, compound fractures and multiple injuries to the body. He was a foreman with a railway company

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Captain Michael William Buckingham

Captain Michael William Buckingham served in the Royal Army Medical Corps during the Malaya Campaign and the Malay Peninsula expedition. He is entitled to the General Service Medal 1918 (clasp Malaya), the General Service Medal 1962 (clasp Malay Peninsula) and the Army Long Service and Good Conduct Medal.

He was probably born last semester of the 1930

He enlisted in 1948 in the Royal Army Medical Corps

He served in Malaya campaign after 1953

He served as a Warrant Officer class 1 in the Malay Peninsula between 17th August, 1964 to January 13th 1966.

He transferred as a Commissionned Officer and was promoted Lieutenant (rank on his Long Service Medal)

He received his Army Long Service Good Conduct Medal on January 13th 1966

He was promoted to the rank of Captain (non-medical) on November 15th 1969

He retired on December 1st 1976

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Captain Michael William Buckingham medals

Buckingham 1

Lieutenant-Colonel George Johnston Stoney Archer

Lieutenant-Colonel George Johnston Stoney Archer, B.A., M.B., B.Ch., B.A.O. served in the Royal Army Medical Corps during the Boers’ War and World War One. He is entitled to the Queen’s South Africa Medal (clasps Cape Colony, Orange Free State and Transvaal), the King South Africa Medal (clasps South Africa 1901 and 1902), the 1914 Star, The British War Medal and the Victory Medal.

He was born in the no 3rd Ward in Dublin, Ireland on November 15th, 1875. His father George Thompson Archer and his mother Mary Elizabeth Stoney

He received his degree in medicine 1897 from the University of Dublin

He was promoted Lieutenant on July 27th, 1898 (London Gazette)

He married Ethel Mary Beauchamp on September 4th, 1899 in St-Stephen Parish, Dublin, Ireland. His address at the time was 4 Longfield Terrace North Circular Road. Together they will have four children.

During the Boers War he served with the 5th and 7th Stationary Hospital

He was promoted Captain in on July 27th, 1901 (London Gazette)

He was promoted Major on April 27th, 1910 (London Gazette)

He disembarked in France on August 19th, 1914.

He was promoted Lieutenant-Colonel on March 2nd, 1915 (London Gazette)

He was placed on the ill-heal list on December 23rd, 1920 and he retired on October 25th, 1921 due to his illness contracted while on service. (London Gazette)

In May of 1923, he applied for the Soldier Wound Badge and it was refused to him. This badge was given to soldiers who received wounds or illness during the war

On January 3rd, 1929 he left South Hampton, United Kingdom with his wife on the ship Johan de Wit for Batavia, Java. He is listed as a Lieutenant-Colonel (still). They came back to United Kingdom at the end of the month.

He also bought a piece on land in Gloucestershire in the same year

He died on November 5th 1955 in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire leaving 27293 £.

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Nursing Sister Elizabeth Josephine McLoughlin

Nursing Sister Elizabeth Josephine McLoughlin served in the Queen Alexandria Imperial Nursing Service during World War One.

She died died on April 4th, 1927 and is buried in the military section of Mount-Royal Cemetery, Montreal

Obituary from Montreal Gazette April 5th, 1927

McLoughlin, Elizabeth Josephine

In this city, on April 4th, 1927, Elizabeth Josephine McLoughlin, nursing sister, Q.A.I.M.N.S. in her 40th year. Funeral from the William Wray Chapel 617 University Street on Wednesday April 6th 1927 at 7:45 am to Saint-Patrick thence Cote des Neiges Cemetery.

November 11th, a time to pause and remember

On the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month, it is time to pause and remember those who fought on the battlefield, those who never came back and those on whom war left scars and wounds

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Pictures taken at Beechwood and Notre-Dame Cemetery in Ottawa, Canada

Captain Marjorie Simpson

Captain Marjorie Simpson served Queen Alexandra’s Royal Army Nursing Corps (Q.A.R.A.N.C.) at the end of World War II and during the Malayan Campaign. She is entitled to the Defence Medal, War Medal and the General Service Medal 1918-62 with clasp Malaya.

She was born in Newcastle-on-Tyne on June 1st, 1912.

She was appointed Nursing Sister (Lieutenant) in the Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Services on November 27th, 1945.

She transferred to the Q.A.R.A.N.C. on its formation on February 1st, 1949

She was promoted Captain on November 27th

She resigned her commission October 7th, 1954.

She was appointed Flight Officer in Princess Mary’s Royal Air Forces Nursing Service on April 1st, 1955.

She relinquished her commission on April 1st 1959.

She died in Bath in the third quarter of 1972 at the age of 60.

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Captain Marjorie Simpson medals with a QARANC shoulder badge

Simpson 2

Captain Charles Edward McCloghry

Captain Charles Edward McCloghry served in the Royal Army Medical Corps during the military campaign in Palestine in 1939 and during World War Two

He is entitled to the General Service Medal with clasp Palestine, the Africa Star, the Defence Medal and the War Medal

He was born on November 11th 1912 in Rusheen, Irish Republic. He was the son of James Palmer McCloghry and Matilda McCloghry, of Ballincar, County Sligo, Irish Republic. His father was a veterinarian and he had a brother, Henry Palmer McCloghry.

He entered the Faculty of Medicine of the Belfast University in 1930.

He passed his 1st medical examination in March and June of 1932:

He passed his 2nd medical examination in June of 1933

December 1936: He passed his last medical examination and he graduated from the Faculty of Medicine and he received his Bachelor in the Art of Obstetrics (B.A.O.)

April 23rd, 1937: He enlisted as a Lieutenant in the Royal Army Medical Corps

From May 1st to September 31st he was on his Junior Course at RAMC College in London.

After his graduation from RAMC Medical College and before his service in Palestine, he served as medical officer at the medical reception station in Beverley, Leicester and York.

He left United Kingfom on September 23rd and arrived in Haifa, Palestine on November 22nd.

April 23rd, 1938: He was promoted Captain

He was admitted to hospital on September 14 and stayed there until the 21st. On September 28th he appeared before a medical board in Haifa and was found unfit for duty (50%). He proceeded to United Kingdom October 16th on sick leave for two months.

January 29th, 1939: He disembarked in Haifa, Palestine from the SS Montcalm. On arrival he was appointed as the medical officer of the 1st battalion Royal East Kent Regiment

August 19th: He was appointed medical officer for the West York Regiment in Sarafand, Palestine.

August 29th: He left Palestine for Egypt and was attached to the 3rd Cavalry Field Ambulance

October 6th: He was posted with the 3rd Cavalry Field Ambulance. The unit moved to Abbasia, Egypt on October 11th.

October 15th: He was attached to the 8th Hussars as the medical officer. He was with the regiment until December 18 and then transferred back to the 3rd Cavalry Field Ambulance.

March 3rd, 1940: He proceeded with the Indian Division for an exercise.

March 13th: He was admitted to hospital and was discharged on April 22nd.

March 29th: He was attached to the Rifles Brigade as a medical officer and was admitted to the 2nd Field Ambulance on June 11th and later transferred to the 5th General Hospital. He was found permanently unfit for service on July 1st and to United Kingdom on October 21st.

He died at the Renislow Hospital in Durban, South Africa on March 18th, 1941. He is buried in Stellawood Cemetery in Durban South Africa.

His WW2 medals were despatched to his family in February of 1949

He is commemorated on the Queen’s University (Ireland) War Memorial. The memorial is situated in front of the main University building in University Road, Belfast. He is also commemorated on page 77 of the electronic version of the Book of Remembrance of the University of Belfast.

Monument Belfast University

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Private Harry Ritchken

Private Harry Ritchken served in the South African Medical Corps during World War Two. He is entitled to the 1939-45 Star, the Africa Star (bar 8th Army), the 1939-45 War Medal and the Africa Service Medal.

He was born 6 October 1920.

He enlisted into South African Army on 20 May 1940. He was serving with the 7th Field Ambulance, S.A.M.C. (probably a Reserve unit). He was Jewish, single and worked as a Chemist’s Assistant at Wrens Chemist in Johannesburg.

Height: 5” 8’   Weight: 145 lbs.         Eyes: Brown   Hair: black

His Next of Kin on his enlistment paper is her mother, A. Rubenstein, living at 47 High Street, Berea, Johannesburg.

He was transferred to the Rand Light Infantry on June 11th

He was transferred back to the South African Medical Corps on December 12th. He had the rank of Corporal.

He was posted with the Motor Transport Company on January 31st, 1941

He embarked on the S.S. Niew Holland in Durban on February 15th. He arrived at Suez on March 9th and he was attached with the Cape Town Highlanders on the 13th, just before his departure.

He was promoted Sergeant in September 1st.

He was granted a 9 days leave on January 27th 1942.

He was confirmed in the rank of Sergeant on May 1st.

He was posted to 12 Field Ambulance from the Cape Town Highlanders on May 12th.

He returned to South Africa with the 12th Field Ambulance on December 11th and arrived in Durban on January 1st 1943. He was granted a 30 days leave.

June 5th: He was posted to Coastal Defence. He was transferred to the Medical Corps Transport Corps on July 26th. Although his file is silent about it, I think he was a driver.

He was discharged in Pretoria, South Africa with benefits “surplus to service requirements” on 23 February 1944. The official reason was “requirements and commitments

In South African Medical Journal of April 27th, 1946 he is listed as a new member of the South African Medical Council. His address was 142 Hockey Avenue, Northcliffe, Johannesburg. He graduated in Doctor in medicine – bachelor in medicine in 1945 from the Duiv. WWRand University

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Medals attributed to Private Harry Ritchken

Ritchken 1

Captain Edwin John Bradley

Captain Edwin John Bradley served in the Royal Army Medical Corps during World War One. He served with the 17th General Hospital and was later attached to the North Midland Field Ambulance with the Territorial Forces. He received the Military Cross with bar and he is entitled to the 1914-15 Star, British War medal and the Victory medal with the oak leaves.

He was born on June 16th, 1890.

He was educated at Dover College, Jesus College in Cambridge and St-Bartholonew Hospital in 1913. He got his M.B and M.D. in 1921.

According to the 1891 British Census he was living with his father and mother in St-James Parish in Dover.

According to the 1901 British Census he was living with his father and mother in St-James Parish in Dover. His father was a merchant and he had two brothers.

According to the 1911 British Census he was living with his cousin and he was a student

He was promoted Lieutenant on January 7th, 1915 (London Gazette)

He was Mentioned-in-dispatches on June 21st, 1916 for his action in Egypt

His bar to his Military Cross was announced in the London Gazette of January 1st, 1919 before the actual announcement of his Military Cross

His Military Cross was authorized on February 15th, 1919 and his citation was published in the London Gazette of July 30th, 1919: “He was in charge of the bearers during the attack on the St. Quentin Canal on September 29th, 1918, and displayed great gallantry and initiative. He went forward and sought a position for an advanced dressing station in Bellenglise when it was being heavily shelled by the enemy, and finally organized collecting and relay posts on a route farther north. His dispositions were most skillful and the rapid evacuation of the wounded was mainly due to the exertions of this officer.”

He was gazed at some point during the war and he would carry the sequels to that for the rest of his life.

Captain Edwin John Bradley medals

Medals

After the war, in 1919, he started a medical practice in Stafford

In 1924 he received his F.R.S.C. from the University of Edinburgh and became a surgeon at the Staffordshire General Infirmary

In October of 1927, he arrived in London from a trip to New York city. He must have been part of some gathering of surgeon and doctor because many surgeons are listed with him on the sailing list.

In the 3rd semester of 1929 he married Nora Thompson. After his marriage he moved to Margate and was appointed surgeon of the general hospital

In 1938 he adopted two boys who flew from the Nazi Germany.

During the Second World War he was the medical officer for the Royal School for Deaf and Dumb Children and the local Home Guard. He was part of the Dunkirk evacuation and treated the wounded British Soldier as they arrived in England.

He was the president of the Margate hospital from until his retirement. Arthritis and chronic bronchitis forced him to retired in 1948.

On October 7th 1948, he sailed with his wife from South Hampton on the Durban Castle to Capetown, South Africa

He with his wife arrived in South Hampton, England on June 3rd, 1949. They had sailed on the Capetown Castle from Port Elizabeth.

He died on March 22nd, 1958 at the Margate General Hospital in Bournemouth.

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Private Charles Philip Taylor

Private Charles Philip Taylor served in the Royal Marines Light Infantry during World War One and with the Royal Marine Police after the war. He is entitled to the 1914-15 Star, the British War Medal, the Victory Medal, the Royal Navy Long Service & Good Conduct Medal, the Defence Medal and the 1939-45 War Medal

He was born in Swanwick, near Southampton, Hampshire on October 4th, 1892.

He enlisted into the Royal Marines on June 15th, 1909. His trade was farm labourer
Height: 5’ 6”          Eyes: Brown           Religion: Church of England

He passed his swim test on April 18th, 1910.

He was attached to the Portsmouth Division on November 10th and embarked on the H.M.S. Crescent (cruise) on April 5th, 1911 and served on that ship until September 15th.

He served on the H.M.S. Cambrian (cruiser) from December 11th 1912 to January 14th 1914.

He served on the H.M.S. Venerable (battleship) from July 28th, 1914 to November 4th, 1918.

HMS_Venerable

Picture of H.M.S. Venerable

From October 27th, 1914 to October 30th, she was attached to the Dover Patrol for bombardment duties in support of Allied troops fighting on the front, and bombarded German positions along the Belgian coast between Westende and Lombardsijde On 3 November, H.M.S. Venerable was detached to support the East Coast Patrol during the Gorleston Raid, then returned to the 5th Battle Squadron.

The 5th Battle Squadron transferred from Portland to Sheerness on 14 November to guard against a possible German invasion of the United Kingdom. The squadron returned to Portland on 30 December.

H.M.S. Venerable bombarded German positions near Westende from March 11th 1915 and May 10th. On 12 May, she was ordered to the Dardanelles. From 14 August to 21 August, H.M.S. Venerable supported Allied attacks on Ottoman Turkish positions at Suvla Bay.

In October, H.M.S. Venerable arrived at Gibraltar for a refit. Emerging from the refit in December, she transferred to the Adriatic Sea to reinforce the Italian Navy, serving there until December 1916. She then returned to the United Kingdom, arriving at Portsmouth Dockyard on December 19th, where she was laid up. In February and March 1918 H.M.S. Venerable was refitted there as a depot ship, and she moved to Portland on 27 March to serve as a depot ship. She was attached to the Northern Patrol through August, then to the Southern Patrol from September to December.

He received the Good Conduct Chevrons for 1914-15-16 and 1917.

He received the 1914-15 Star on July 12th, 1920.

He received his British War Medal and Victory Medal on September 14th, 1921.

He embarked on the Queen Elisabeth on June 10th, 1922 and served onboard until August 13th, 1924. During that period the ship was deployed with the Atlantic Fleet.

He was awarded the Royal Navy Long Service and Good Conduct Medal on November 29th 1925 and the gratuity was awarded on December 1st.
He embarked on the H.M.S. Revenge (battleship) on August 14th, 1924 and served onboard until January 4th, 1927. The ship was part of the Atlantic Fleet.

HMS_Revenge_WWII

Picture of H.M.S. Revenge taken during WW2

From January 4th, 1927 until his discharge, on October 3rd 1931, he served at port. On his discharge, he was then transferred to the Royal Fleet Reserve.

He joined the Chatham Division of the Royal Marine Police on December 19th 1931 and served until his final discharge in June 20th 1943. He served for 34 years with the Royal Marines.

His Defence Medal and War Medal were sent to Royal Marines Police office in Portsea, Portsmouth

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Doctor Grace Winifred Pailthorpe

Doctor Grace Winifred Pailthorpe served with the French Red Cross during WW1. She is entitled to the British War and Victory Medals. What makes her story more interesting she was also an artist, a surrealist painter.

She was born in Sussex on July 29th, 1883

She trained for medicine, graduating as a M.B. and B.S. in 1914

1914-18 She served as Doctor with the French Red Cross and Scottish Women’s Hospitals, entering France in February 1915.

Her medals were sold at Dix Noonman in December 2012

1918-22 She worked as District Medical Officer in Western Australia

December 1921: She arrived in Vancouver, Canada on the Makura from Honolulu, Hawai

1922: She returned to England and took up the study of Psychological Medicine. She received her M.D. from the University of Durham in 1925.

1930: Her exhibits in the main Surrealist exhibitions and in 1938 publishes The Scientific Aspect of Surrealism which was probably instrumental in her expulsion from the group in 1940

1932 She published two books What we put in prison and in preventive and rescue homes and Studies in the Psychology of Delinquency. This brought her brought her worldwide acclaim. Her study of delinquency and sets up the first institute in the world devoted to the scientific treatment of delinquency, later known as the Portman Clinic

1935: She met Reuben Mednikoff and together they embark on psychological art research. She began her research into automatic drawing and painting. In her article The scientific aspect of surrealism she argued that the final goals of surrealism and psychoanalysis were the same: the liberation of the individual. Through surrealist techniques unconscious fantasies could be set free and subsequently reintegrated with the conscious. They have been qualified as one of the strangest and eeriest couples in British art

In 1936 she took part in the International Surrealist Exhibition in London, where her work from a series titled The Ancestors was greatly admired by André Breton.

One of her painting done in 1937

During the Second World War, she and her husband lived in Vancouver, Canada, where she worked as a psychoanalyst.

July 29th, 1940: She arrived in Liverpool, England on the Britanic from New-York, United States

1941: In her paper Deflection of energy, as a result of birth trauma was published, in which she pleaded for greater attention to be paid to the trauma of birth in the analysis.

In 1947 she returned to England and practiced at the beginning of the 1950s as a psychoanalyst in London. In later years her painting turned to Eastern mysticism – to the detriment of surrealism, because she bequeathed her large collection of surrealist art to a yoga society, which burned it.

She initiated the establishment of the world’s first clinic for the psychological treatment of prison inmates. Soon after the Institute for the Scientific Treatment of Delinquency was formed – now known as the Portman Clinic.
from 1940 to 1971 She continued her painting and research in combination with Reuben Mednikoff until their deaths within six months of each other in 1971

She died in July 1971 at the age of 87 years.

Private Jack Sommerton

Private Jack Sommerton served in Royal Army Medical Corps in Palestine before WW2 and in United Kingdom during WW2. He is entitled to the General Service Medal with the clasp Palestine, the 1939-1945 War Medal, the Defence Medal and the Army Good Conduct and Long Service Medal. His enlistment number was 7261759.

June 5th 1912 : He was born in Russel, United Kingdom

1933 : He enlisted in the army

May 29th, 1937 : He arrived in Palestine as part of the 3rd company Royal Army Medical Corps.

April 9th, 1939 : He left Palestine

(July-August-September) : He got married to Beatrice E Allard St Albans and in the county of Hertfordshire

1939-1945 : He served in United Kingdom during WW2

March 2nd 1951: He received his Army Good Conduct and Long Service Medal

(March-April-May) He got married a second time to Muriel Gaunt Wirral in Cheshire.

1956 : His Palestine Medal was issued and according to the medal roll, he was a sergeant by then

December 1987 : He died

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Doctor Agnes Forbes Blackadder-Savill

Dr Agnes Forbes Savill served with the Scottish Women’s Hospitals as a radiologist, at the Royaumont Hospital during WW1. She is entitled to the British War and Victory Medals, French Médailles des épidémies 1st class. She also received the Scottish Women’s Hospitals Medal 1914, bronze. Her medals were sold at auction in December 2012.

She was born on 4th December 1875 in Dundee, Scotland. Her father, Robert, was an architect and civil engineer.

29 March 1895: She graduated first from the University of St. Andrews and received the degree of Master of Arts. She was the first female graduate from St-Andrews University.

She went on to study at University College, Dundee in 1897/1898 and Queen Margaret College for Women in the University of Glasgow. According to the University of Glasgow website “She was a gifted medical student. In addition to taking first prize in Practical Pathology in 1896, she had a string of First Class Certificates in Materia Medica, Surgery, Midwifery, Ophthalmology and Insanity and a Second Class Certificate in Anatomy,”

She graduated on 21st July 1898 obtaining an MB and ChB, and her MD in 1901.

She married Dr. Thomas Dixon Savill at the Church of St Mary Magdalene, Forfarshire in 1901.

After her marriage her career took her to London, where she became a consultant in Dermatology and Electro-therapeutics. She also gained experience in radiological work, which would prove very useful during the war.

In 1904 she became a Member of the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland.

June 5th, 1905: She arrived in Glasgow, Scotland from New-York, United-States on the Numidian

In 1907 she had the distinction of being appointed as a consultant to a hospital which was not exclusively for women, St. John’s Hospital for Skin Diseases. In addition she was a consultant at the South London Hospital for Women. At the same time as making a successful career for herself in London, she was a respected suffragette.

1910: Her husband died

1911 United Kingdom Census: Listed as a physician and living at 38 Audley House, Margaret Street, London W

November 12th : She arrived in Glasgow, Scotland from New-York, United States on Caledonia

In 1912 she was one of three distinguished doctors (the other two being male surgeons), who conducted an inquiry into the appalling treatment of women hunger strikers in prison and published papers on the subject.

At the same time, she also went out to France for several work periods, returning to her post in London when she could, usually in the winter when there was a lull in the fighting. Her great contribution was in making the best use of a state-of-the-art x-ray car which they had been given, courtesy of the French General Le Bon. She had an acute appreciation of the dangers and mechanisms of gas gangrene and worked hard to mitigate its effects with prompt diagnosis and treatment. Her studies of the x-ray appearances of the gangrene were pioneering. She trained staff and threw herself into the work so selflessly that in July 1918, during a particularly busy period, it was noted that she looked ill and ‘absolutely cavernous’.

She developed an interest in Dermatology and became a Physician to the Skin Hospital, Leicester Square, London.

Early in the Great War she joined the staff of the Scottish Women’s Hospitals, entering France in May 1915. Serving at Royaumont Hospital, about 25 miles from Paris, she was placed in charge of the x-ray and electro-therapy departments. She served there until the end of 1916.

Her military medals

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She returned to London after the war and lived first at 66 Harley Street and later 7 Devonshire Place.

July 24th, 1919: She arrived in Glasgow, Scotland from Boston, United State on the Massilia.

While continuing to pursue her own career, she also undertook to edit her husband’s textbook, Savill’s System of Clinical Medicine, a task she continued to do up to 1942. She was elected a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland, only the sixth woman to receive this honour. Her intellectual interests continued to grow.
Agnes recognised how powerful an influence music could be, and wrote a book about its importance to well-being, entitled Music, Health and Character. Its publication in 1923 caused a stir and later led to the establishment of the Council for Music in Hospitals.

From 1923 to 1938 she was living in St Marylebone, Westminster

October 11th, 1937: She arrived in Southampton, England from New-York, United States o the Berengaria

She was the author of several books and papers on her own subjects; she was also editor of her late husband’s Clinical Medicine.

In 1955 she published the book Alexander the Great and his Times which can still be bought on Amazon

She was still seeing patients into her seventies.

She died on 12 May 1964. She left 58 552 GBP

Picture of Doctor Agnes Forbes Blackadder-Savill, she is forth from the right

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