Category Archives: Honours and Awards

August 4th, 1914 – World War One


Captain Edwin John Bradley

Captain Edwin John Bradley served in the Royal Army Medical Corps during World War One. He served with the 17th General Hospital and was later attached to the North Midland Field Ambulance with the Territorial Forces. He received the Military Cross with bar and he is entitled to the 1914-15 Star, British War medal and the Victory medal with the oak leaves.

He was born on June 16th, 1890.

He was educated at Dover College, Jesus College in Cambridge and St-Bartholonew Hospital in 1913. He got his M.B and M.D. in 1921.

According to the 1891 British Census he was living with his father and mother in St-James Parish in Dover.

According to the 1901 British Census he was living with his father and mother in St-James Parish in Dover. His father was a merchant and he had two brothers.

According to the 1911 British Census he was living with his cousin and he was a student

He was promoted Lieutenant on January 7th, 1915 (London Gazette)

He was Mentioned-in-dispatches on June 21st, 1916 for his action in Egypt

His bar to his Military Cross was announced in the London Gazette of January 1st, 1919 before the actual announcement of his Military Cross

His Military Cross was authorized on February 15th, 1919 and his citation was published in the London Gazette of July 30th, 1919: “He was in charge of the bearers during the attack on the St. Quentin Canal on September 29th, 1918, and displayed great gallantry and initiative. He went forward and sought a position for an advanced dressing station in Bellenglise when it was being heavily shelled by the enemy, and finally organized collecting and relay posts on a route farther north. His dispositions were most skillful and the rapid evacuation of the wounded was mainly due to the exertions of this officer.”

He was gazed at some point during the war and he would carry the sequels to that for the rest of his life.

Captain Edwin John Bradley medals


After the war, in 1919, he started a medical practice in Stafford

In 1924 he received his F.R.S.C. from the University of Edinburgh and became a surgeon at the Staffordshire General Infirmary

In October of 1927, he arrived in London from a trip to New York city. He must have been part of some gathering of surgeon and doctor because many surgeons are listed with him on the sailing list.

In the 3rd semester of 1929 he married Nora Thompson. After his marriage he moved to Margate and was appointed surgeon of the general hospital

In 1938 he adopted two boys who flew from the Nazi Germany.

During the Second World War he was the medical officer for the Royal School for Deaf and Dumb Children and the local Home Guard. He was part of the Dunkirk evacuation and treated the wounded British Soldier as they arrived in England.

He was the president of the Margate hospital from until his retirement. Arthritis and chronic bronchitis forced him to retired in 1948.

On October 7th 1948, he sailed with his wife from South Hampton on the Durban Castle to Capetown, South Africa

He with his wife arrived in South Hampton, England on June 3rd, 1949. They had sailed on the Capetown Castle from Port Elizabeth.

He died on March 22nd, 1958 at the Margate General Hospital in Bournemouth.

If you know more information on this gentleman, please leave me message so I can add it to his small biography

Matron Yvonne Beaudry (Baudry) A.R.R.C. – UPDATED

Matron Yvonne Baudry (Beaudry) served as a Matron in the Canadian Army Medical Corps during World War One. She is entitled to the Royal Red Cross 2nd class, the British War Medal, the Victory Medal and the Médailles des épidémies or (France)

In her military file, on all the documents, her name is spelled Baudry but there was an error done probably when she enlisted, her real name is Beaudry.

She was born in October 16th, 1875 in Beauharnois, Quebec

Trade: nurse Religion: Roman Catholic Status: Single

Height: 5′ 3″         Weight : 148 lbs.

Brother : Chambord Baudry      Address : 158 Cameron, Ottawa

1901 : Graduated from the Nursing School of the St-Luke Hospital in Ottawa, Ontario

From 1901 to 1907 : She served at the Stratchona Hospital (Ottawa Hospital), Hospital in the Scarlet Fever unit

from 1909 to 1914: She was the Head Nurse at the Grosse-Ile quarantine station, Quebec. The Grosse-Ile island was the quarantine station for all the immigrants travelling to Québec City which was a major port of entry to Canada at the time

She had to manage a team of 12 nurses and on average, 900 immigrants were hospitalized at Grosse-Ile every year

Picture of Head Nurse, Yvonne Baudry (On the left) taken at Grosse-Ile


Picture of the nurses’ residence at the Grosse-Ile quarantine station. The house was built in 1912

Grosse-Ile Maison infirmière 1912

Pictures of the Grosse-Ile cross that were taken 103 years apart

1910 (year of erection)


Cross 2013

November 8th, 1915 : She enlisted in the 6 th Canadian General Hospital in Montreal, Quebec

January 15th, 1916 : She left Canada with a group of 25 Nursing Sisters. She was taken on strength with the Canadian Army medical Corps on January 25th.

February 22nd : She was posted at the Westcliff Canadian Eyes and Ears Hospital, Folkestone

She was on leave from July 15th to July 28th

August 1st : She proceeded overseas with the 8th Canadian General Hospital. Transferred to the 6th Canadian General Hospital on August 4th. She joined the hospital in Joinville-le-Pont, France.

According to the biography of Margaret McDonald, the Matron-in-Chief of the Canadian Army Medical Corps, Matron Beaudry was sent to the 8th Canadian General Hospital to coach the matron who was experiencing some managing problems with the hospital. The Matron of the 8th Canadian General Hospital had not solved some problems raised by the Matron MacDonald during her spring inspection of the hospital, Matron Beaudry was sent to the rescue.

January 18th, 1917 : The hospital moved to Troyes.

June 21st : The hospital move back to Joinville-le-Pont

July 3rd : She was granted 14 days leave. Returned to the unit August 17th.

October 19th: She went to Joinville-le-Pont to rent some apartments for the Nursing Sisters

May 13th, 1918 : She proceeded to Rouen to see the new Nursing Sisters quarters. She was back with the unit on May 16th.

June 6th : She arrived from Troyes

June 29th : She and 4 Nursing Sisters proceeded to Rouen in honour of Dominion Day. In her file this leave is mark as a “3 days special leave

September 3rd : She was granted 14 days leave.

March 18th 1919 : She was granted 14 days leave.

to May 10th : The 6th Canadian General Hospital was disbanded

May 29th : She was transferred to the 14th Canadian General Hospital

July 3rd : She embarked on the Empress of Britain in Liverpool, United Kingdom. Arrived in Quebec City, Quebec on July 10th.

July 15th : She was discharged on that date and her proposed address was 158 Cameron Street, Ottawa

December 12th : She was awarded the Royal Red Cross 2nd class

July 9th, 1926 : She was awarded the French Médailles des épidémies or.

After discharge she served with the Dominion Bureau of Statistics from which she retired in 1939

1947 : She died after a long illness.

If you know more information on this lady, please leave me message so I can add it to her small biography.

Picture of Matron Yvonne Beaudry in her WW1 Matron uniform

The site of Grosse-île is now an historic site managed by Park Canada. Tourist can visit the park and guided tour are offered with guided and actors playing role of real person who were on the island. This picture below is one of actors who are playing the role of these real people, the actress of the left plays the role of head nurse Yvonne Beaudry.

Actors playing real nurse Yvonne Beaudry and 'Pit' Masson the ambulance guy - Picture of Berthier-sur-Mer, Quebec
This photo of Grosse-Ile is courtesy of TripAdvisor

Major Thomas George Buchanan, M.I.D.

Major Thomas George Buchanan served in the Royal Army Medical Corps during World War One. He is entitled to the 1914/15 Star, British War Medal and the Victory medal. He ws Mentionned -in-Despatches and he wore the oakleaf emblem on the ribbon of his Victory Medal.

World War One trio with the Mentionned -in-Despatches oakleaf emblem (click to enlarge)

Buchanan 1

He was born on the November 20th 1883 in Knocknarea, Magheragall, County of Antrim, Ireland. His father was Thomas Buchanan and his mother Maria Jane Watson

May 14th, 1908: He passed Bachelor of Medicine, Surgery & Obstetrics at the Royal University of Ireland.

1911 United Kingdom Census: He is listed as single and a house surgeon at the General Infirmary, Burton on Trent, England

June 17th, 1913: He was commissioned as a Lieutenant in the Field Ambulance of the North Midland Mounted Brigade

His address in the Medical Register is 275 Branstone Road, Burton-on-Trent.

Photo of Major Thomas George Buchanan (probably right after enlistment)

Thomas George Buchanan 1a

September 15, 1915: He Married Evelyn Kathleen Julia Macfaren Myhill at The Church of St Stephen, Norwich, Norfolk, England.

September 24th: He transferred the Territorial Army to the Royal Army Medical Corps and promoted to the rank of Major.

October: He entered France

He served in the Middle-East and was attached to the Royal Artillery. He was probably transferred in the Middle-East in 1917

At one point he was presumed dead and his wife received a telegram to that effect. Two days later she received another telegram stating that her husband was well and alive. At some point someone told the University of Dublin that Major Buchanan had been killed in action but never got back to them that this was a mistake. The result of that, Thomas George Buchanan is listed as a casualty of war on the Remembrance Plaque in honor of the university’s students who died during WW1. In an account written by his grand-son, later in life, Mr. Buchanan was amused by that historical error.

Photo of the Memorial Plaque at the Royal Belfast Academical Institution


June 20th, 1916: His daughter Suzanne was born

September 25th: He was Mentioned-in-Despatches for a first time

Early October 1917: The British launched a campaign to seize the Palestinian Territory from the Ottoman Empire that ended in the capture of Gaza (November) and Jerusalem on December 9th.

June 14th, 1918: He was Mentioned-in-Despatches for a second time by General Allenby

July 21st: He was relinquished his temporary rank of Major

August: The British launched one last effort in the Middle-East culminating with the capitulation of the Ottoman Empire on October 30th.

December 9th: He relinquished his rank of Major.

September 12th, 1920: His daughter Ida Buchanan was born on that day

August 31st, 1922: He applied for his medals

June 1924: He bought his first farm (Banyyards Hall Farm in Bunwell) at auction

July 7th, 1925: He was appointed Medical Officer to Ministry of Pensions. In 1940 he was the Assistant-Director.

August 1926: He bought his second farm at auction (Freehold Glebe Lands in Bunwell). His brother Henry was his Partner in this farming business.

July 1948: He bought his house Holly Lodge in Norfolk.

September: He sold his Banyards Hall Farm in Bunwell

February 1950: He bought at auction the Blofield House in Blofield

July 1951: He bought at auction his second house, Mametz, in Blofield, Brundall

December 23rd: His brother Henry died. He probably had to sell his farming business which he co-owned with and manage with Henry.

January 18th, 1967: His wife died at Postwick House, Postwick, Norwich, England

1970: He bought the Oak Lodge, at 122 Norwich Road, Wroxham, Norwich

Photo of Thomas George Buchanan

Thomas George Buchanan 2

June 17th, 1976: He died caused by a hemopericardium. He was living at 122 Norwich Road Wroxham, Norwich, Norfolk.

If you know more information on this gentleman, please leave me message so I can add it to his small biography.

Matron Agnes Brooks R.R.C.

Matron Agnes Brooks (civilian) served with the British Medical Service during WW1. She is entitled to the Royal Red Cross 1st class, the British War Medal. She also received a silver badge from the Vice-Chairman of the King Edward VII Hospital Silver.

1906: She began her training at the Old Infirmary, she finished in 1909. She received her certification and her nurse’s registration number is 14764.

1910 : She became Sister

She worked for the British Red Cross and the Order of Saint-John of Jerusalem

November 25th 1914 : She arrived in France and organised the X-ray department for the 2nd British Red Cross Hospital in Rouen

1915 : She was promoted Matron at the King Edward VII Hospital

February 16th, 1920: She awarded her Royal Red Cross on that day and her investiture ceremony on March 3rd, 1921

May 18th, 1923 : She registered herself for the first time on the State Register of Nurses.

September : She retired from her job at the King Edward VII Hospital

1928 : Her address was 19 Trinity Place, Windsor

If you know more information on this lady, please leave me message so I can add it to her small biography

Matron Agnes Brooks WW1 medal and badge

Lieutenant-Colonel Francis Spring Walker, C.B.E., M.I.D.

Lieutenant-Colonel Francis Spring Walker served in the Royal Army Medical Corps
He was a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (Military). He was also entitled to the Queen’s South Africa Medal with the Orange Free State and Cape Colony clasps, the 1914 Star with clasp, the British War Medal and the Victory Medal .

He was born January 6th 1876 at Glanbehy, County of Kerry

April 5th, 1894: He is listed as a Midshipman on the Royal Navel Reserve List

July 29th, 1898: He received his diploma for Licentiate Midwifing from the Royal College of Surgeons of Ireland. He is listed as living at the Hurricane Lodge, Glenbeigh, and County of Kerry

April 25th, 1900: He was promoted Lieutenant in the Royal Army Medical Corps

June 18th: He sailed to South Africa (from the London Times) with the 9th General Hospital

November 14th: He embarked on the HMS Assaye. He had been invalidated. He arrived in South Hampton, United Kingdom on December 5th (from the London Times)

He served in India from 1902 to 1903

He was promoted Captain in April of 1903

He was sick from February 1904 and was back at his rank on October 19th, 1904. During that period he was probably sent back to United Kingdom.

He went back to India and served from 1905 to 1908.

March 29th, 1908: He was promoted Major and was stationed at the Magistrate Department Cantonment in India.

April 25th, 1912: He was promoted Major

September 13th, 1914: He disembarked in France with the 26th Field Ambulance (British Expeditionary Forces)

He was promoted the Assistant-Director of the 6th Division at some point during the war.

February 17th, 1915: He was Mentioned-in-Despatches for the first time.

August 3rd: He arrived on the Island of Malta from England

August 20th: He embarked on HMHS Valdivia and sailed for Mudros Harbour on the small Greek Island of Lemnos. At the time the Island of Mudros was used a rear medical base for the sick and wounded of the Gallipoli campaign. The number of casualties was so high Eastern Campaign, especially in the Dardanelles, that the British putted a lot of resources to help reduce the pressure on the medical units.

September 19th: He returned from the Island of Mudros to the Island of Malta.

January 5th, 1916: He sailed back to England.

December 26th, 1917: He was promoted Lieutenant-Colonel

May 30th 1919: He was awarded the Order of the British Empire (Commander level) for valuable service in connection with the war (London Gazette June 3rd)

July 10th: He was Mentioned-in-Despatches for a second time.

July 29th: He was Mentioned-in-Despatches for a third time. In a period of 5 months he was decorated three times for his valuable services in connection with the war. It is rare for someone to receive so many official recognitions in such a short period, although 1919 was the period to close the book for WW1 decoration.

September 9th: He applied for his 1914 Star

May 15th, 1920: He retired from the Army. He was again taken off strength for medical reasons from May 15th, 1920 until December 20th, 1920.

December 20th, 1922: he was taken off the Officer Reserve List and retired from pay

1927: He is listed as living at Woodquest, Crosshaven, County of Cork in the Medical Register. He lived there until his death in 1941.

June 24th 1941: He died Ripley Lodge Caragh Lake in Kerry County

He had one daughter named Marjorie Rose

click on the image to enlarge


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Private Gerald W. Brown M.M., M.I.D.

Private Gerald W. Brown served in the Royal Army Medical Corps during WW1. He is entitled to the Military Medal, 1914-15 Star, the British War Medal, the Victory Medal and the Special Constabulary Long Service Medal. He was also Mentionned in dispatches so he was wearing oak leaves pin on the ribbon of his Victory Medal.

1891 United Kingdom census : He was born on December 26th 1889 and listed as living at 61 South Cottage in Bolney, Sussex, England

Father : William James (30) Mother : Edith M. (29)    

Brother : Arthur P (4)      Sister : Edith (7m.)

1901 United Kingdom census : Listed as living 9 South Cottage in Bolney, Sussex, England

Another brother : Eric (3)

Unfortunatly Private Brown WW1 service is not available, probably destroyed by German bombs during WW2 so I wasn’t able to find much information on him. Private Brown had a most interesting military career with some hardship, showing above and beyond duty bravery on at least two occasions and then was taken as a prisonner of war.

May 30th, 1915 : Proceeded to France. He was with the 36 th Field Ambulance – 12 th Division

October 13th : He was Mentioned in dispatches (most probably at the Battle of Loos)

Private Brown Mentioned in Dispatches certificate

November 30th : Announced in the London Gazette

From the war diary of the 36th British Field Ambulance

April 3th 1917 : Acting-Corporal Brown with 11 men were sent to Ink Street – Italy street dugout on under the command of Captain Davie (6 days before the attack began). This is the only reference that could link some of his actions that would have given him his Military Medals.

April 9th : First day of the battle of Arras (Vimy)

April 15th : Recommended for the Military Medal in the war diary (London Gazette June 18th)

Promoted Acting-Corporal

He was taken prisoner between April 1917 and November 1918. Most probably this happenned during the spring offensive of 1918 when German launched massive attacks against the Allied lines and many soldiers were taken prisonner.

November 1st, 1918 : Arrived in Boston, United Kingdom on Hospital train. He was part of convoy of prisoner of war convoy. He was presented with a Welcome card. There are two possible reasons why he was released and sent back to England, medical personnel could not be held prisonner according to the Geneva Convention or Germany though the end was near and they could not win the war and prefered sending their prisonner home

Private Gerald Brown Prisonner of War return home letter from the King

June 10th, 1919 : He probably officially received his Military Medal on that date. His address was South Cottage, Wykehurst Bolney, Haywards Heath

May 1926 : Served as a Special Constable in the General strike probably with County of Sussex Special Constabulary. The address on his certificate was in Sussex County.

1937 : Was part of an ex-Servicemen gathering for the Coronation

1972 : Died in the last semester of the year

If you know more information on this gentleman, please leave me message so I can add it to his small biography.

Nursing Sister Elizabeth Bell Ross R.R.C.

Nursing Sister Elizabeth Bell Ross served in the Canadian Army Medical Corps during WW1. She is entitled to the Royal Red Cross 1st class, the British War Medal and the Victory Medal.

Born on October 30th 1878 in Demerra, British, Guiana, South Africa

Enlisted on February 30th, 1916 in London, England. Before enlisting in the Canadian Army Medical Corps she served with the voluntary unit of the French Red Cross in Belgium.

Father : Reverend Francis S. Ross        Address : Brookside ave, New Glascow, Nova Scotia

Religion : Presbyterian     Height : 5’ 7’’      Weight : 164 lbs.

Posted to the Duchess of Connaught Hospital on February 18th, 1916.

To be Acting Matron on March 14th, 1917

Posted at the 10th Canadian General Hospital on October 5th.

To be Acting Matron on November 15th. (London Gazette 30382)

To be Matron on January 18th, 1918. (London Gazette 30483)

Awarded the Royal Red Cross 1st class on June 21st (London Gazette 30758)

Brought to the Notice of the Secretary of War on August 19th, 1919

Sailed to Canada on September 26th, 1919 on the Empress of France

Demobilised on October 7th, 1920.

Her WW1 pair was issued by British committee of French Red Cross

After demobilisation she went to work at the Woman’s Hospital 100th street New York, New York.

Died on March 13th, 1953. Buried in Beechwood Cemetery in Ottawa, Canada (section A, range 96)

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Picture of her gravestone in Beechwood cemetery

Warrant Officer class one William Denis Foran D.C.M.

William Denis Foran served in the Canadian Army Medical Corps during WW1. He is entitled to the Distinguished Conduct Medal, the 1914-15 Star, the British War medal, Victory Medal and the 1937 Coronation medal. His enlistment number was 32754.

He was born on September 4th, 1891 in Eardley, Quebec.

He enlisted in Valcartier Quebec on September 24th, 1914 in the 1st Canadian Field Ambulance.

Trade: Dominion Police        Religion: Roman Catholic

Height: 5’ 10”    Weight: 200 lbs.      Eyes: blue       Hair: fair

October 4th, 1914 : Sailed to United Kingdom on SS Megantic

February 10th, 1915: He embarked on the SS Archimedes and landed in France.

April 22nd: Promoted to the rank of Corporal.

April 23rd: Admitted to hospital for a sprained ankle and discharged on the 25th.

May 23rd: Admitted to hospital for laryngitis and discharged on the 30th.

June 10th : Promoted to the rank of Sergeant

April 26th, 1916: Transferred to the 1st Canadian Train Division

May 13th : Granted 9 days of leave. He was back on the 22nd.

November 26th: Promoted to the rank of Warrant Officer Class 1 (Sergeant-Major)

June 14 th, 1917: Sent back to Canada at his own cost on compassionate grounds. He left for Canada on the SS Justicia on June 30th for 12 weeks. His leave was extended until February 1918. Usually soldiers did not get that kind of extended leave to Canada, it must have been very important.

April 13th, 1918: he was back in France with the 1st Canadian Train Division

He embarked on the H.M.T. Saturnia in Glasgow, United Kingdom on June 18th 1919. He arrived in Montreal, Quebec on June 28th.

June 3rd, 1919: He was awarded his Distinguished Conduct Medal (London Gazette 31370). The citation for his medal is “For gallantry and devotion to duty. During the Cambrai operations in September 1918, when Haynecourt had been captured. An advanced dressing station was established there, and the village was being continually shelled. In order to relieve the congestion, he volunteered to guide the horse ambulance up (attached to the 1st Canadian Field Ambulance)”

He was discharged on June 30th in Ottawa, Ontario. His proposed address of residence was Aylmer, Quebec.

He moved to Ottawa sometime after his discharge.

He was a City Councillor for the city of Aylmer, Quebec from 1949 to 1953.

He died May 30th, 1969 and he is buried in St-Paul Cemetery in Aylmer (now Gatineau), Quebec.

He had a brother James Foran who served with the 29th battalion and received the Military Medal.

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Photo of Sergent-Major William D Foran

Sans titre

Pictures of William D Foran gravestones in St-Paul Cemetery. There are two mistakes on the first stone, his middle name initial is D and not O and his rank was Regimental-Sergeant-Major (RSM) and not Company-Sergeant-Major (CSM)

A second stone, flat on the groung at the foot of the first one, was made probably to correct the two mistakes.

Some WW1 Nursing Sisters gravesites near Ottawa, Ontario

During my many researches conducted over the years in local cemetery, I was able to find the grave of a few Canadian Nursing Sisters who served during WW1 and WW2, here are their graves.

Nursing Sister Dancy F Gant née MacLaughlin, she was born February 28th, 1888 in Ottawa, Ontario. She enlisted in the Canadian Army Medical Corps on November 8th, 1915 in Montreal, Quebec. She died on July 12th, 1936 and is buried in the Military Section Beechwood Cemetery, Ottawa, Ontario.

Picture of Nursing Sister MacLaughlin gravestone

click on the image to enlarge

Nursing Sister Florence L. Leamy, she was born February 20th, 1878 in Hull, Quebec. She enlisted in the Canadian Army Medical Corps on May 11th, 1915 in London, England. She died on June 21st, 1972 and is buried at the Jardin du souvenir cemetery in Gatineau, Quebec.

Picture of Nursing Sister Leamy gravestone

click on the image to enlarge

Nursing Sister Helena Augustina MacLaughlin R.R.C., She was born march 15th, 1889 in Ottawa, Ontario. She enlisted in the Canadian Army Medical Corps on June 3 rd, 1915 in Montreal, Quebec. She received her Royal Red Cross 2nd class on February 23rd, 1917. Although her gravestone does have the post-nominal lettes, R.R.C. for the Royal Red Cross 1st class, I have found no information that she did received the it and only received the 2nd class. She died in October of 1960 and is buried in the Military Section Beechwood Cemetery, Ottawa, Ontario.

Pictures of Nursing Sister MacLaughlin gravestone

click on the images to enlarge

Nursing Sister Laura Adelaide Gamble A.R.R.C., M.I.D., she was born on September 4th, 1885 in Wakefield, Quebec. She enlisted in the Canadian Army Medical Corps on April 7th, 1915 in Toronto, Ontario. She received her Royal Red Cross 2nd class in June 1917 and Mentionned-in-Despatches in July of 1917. She died in March 21st 1939 and is buried at the Johnston Corners Community, South Gloucester, Ontario. Her war diary and letters can be found on the Library and Archives Canada

Picture of Nursing Sister Gamble gravestone

click on the image to enlarge

Matron Sister Edith Campbell R.R.C., M.M., M.I.D.

Matron Edith Campbell served in the Canadian Army Medical Corps during WW1. She is entitled to the Military Medal, the Royal Red Cross first class, the 1914 Star, the British War Medal, the Victory Medal and the 1935 Jubilee Medal. Her medals are at the Canadian War Museum in Ottawa.

Matron Campbell does probably have the most interesting WW1 medals group for a Canadian woman. Only 9 of them received the Military Medal, she also got the 1914 Star which is also very rare for a Canadian, she got Mentionned in Dispatches twice. I do not know if her medals group is unique for a Canadian woman but I can say for sure, I can count identical group to this one on one hand.

Matron Edith Campbell medals (Royal Red Cross not shown on the picture)

Picture source – Canadian Museum of Civilization website

Technically Matron Campbell should have received the Military Cross instead of the Military Medal (first medal to the left).

Picture of a Military Cross

The Military Cross was awarded to Officer only and the Military Medal was awarded to non-commission officer or civilian. Matron Campbell had the rank of Captain and was an officer but at that time Canada did not have a Medals and Honour System. Bravery medals were issued by the British Governement with their system. In the British Army, nurses were not officer but rather civilian with no military rank so they were not permitted to receive the Military Cross.

If a British nurses did a bravery action, she received the Military Medal. So the British Government just applied the same rule to Canadian Matron and Nursing Sister, never taking into account that Canadian nurses were Officer and not civilian, so they awarded them the Military Medal.

She was born in November 1871 in Montreal, Quebec

Enlisted on September 24th, 1914 in Quebec, Quebec. She left Canada onboard the H.M.T. Franconia and arrived in United Kingdom on October 24th.                                              

Height : 5′ 7″       Weight : 130 lbs.     Religion : Church of England

Eyes : Brown       Hair : Brown

Sister : W. S. Clouston          Address : Pointe – Claire, Quebec

She was Mentionned in dispatches on June 22nd, 1915 (London Gazette 29200)

She received her Royal Red Cross 1st class  June 22nd (London Gazette 29202)

She was Mentionned in dispatches a second time on December 20th, 1917 (London Gazette 30448)

Transferred to the 1st Canadian General Hospital on February 11th.

May 31st, 1918 : The 1st Canadian General Hospital stationned in Etaple, France was bombed by German aviation. Matron Edith Campbell showed bravery in her actions by attending wounded sisters regardless of personal danger.

She received her 1914 Star on June 8th

Military Medal London Gazette 30917 September 24th citation « for gallantry and devotion to duty during an enemy air raid. Regardless of personal danger she attended to the wounded sisters and by her personal example inspired the sisters under her  charge»

Sailed from Liverpool, England to Canada on April 14th, 1919 on the ship SS Olympia.

She was demobilised on November 26th.

If you know more information on this lady, please leave me message so I can add it to her small biography.

Private James Hopkinson M.M.

Private James Hopkinson MM served in the 2nd battalion Scots Guards during WW1. He is entitled to the Military medal, the 1914 Star, the British War Medal, the Victory Medal and the Defence Medal. His enlistment number is 8385.

August 31st, 1912: He enlisted in the 2nd battalion Scots Guards

From July to September 1914: The battalion was stationed at the London Tower in London.

October 4th: The battalion left Lyndhurst Camp and marched to South Hampton. They embarked on the HS Lake Michigan and SS Sistern. They sailed to Dover Harbour on the 5th. They spent the day of the 6th waiting in the harbour and sailed to Belgium on that day at 7 pm. They arrived in Zeebrudge at 6 am on the 7th. They were part of the 20th Infantry Brigade with 1st Grenadier Guards, 2nd Border Regiment and 2nd Gordon Highlanders

Scots Guards leaving the London Tower

SG leaving London Tower

October 9th: They reached the town of Antwerp where they could hear the sound of artillery.

October 15th: First day of the first Battle of Ypres

October 17th: They were put on the Front Line and they launched their first attack the next day. To this would follow a series of fierce and heavy fighting and engagement with the Germans.

October 25th: From the book The Scots Guard in the Great War 1914-1918 “Lord Dalrymple and his C.S.M. counted over 120 shells bursts within 100 yards round them in two minutes” The next, when mustered, there 12 officers and 460 men left in the battalion.

By the end of the month the battalion had lost almost half of its strength that it had when arriving in Belgium at the beginning of the month. They had lost 391 men and only 472 were left to fight.

October 29th: There was an attack at night and battalion was sent to far, they were fired by other British troops upon during their retreat because of the night and the rain. They were withdrawn with extreme difficulties and that night only 150 men were mustered. Some men rejoined the battalion the next day.

October 30th: The fighting had continued and by that day there was only 200 men left in a battalion of a strength of 1002 men 4 weeks before. They continued fighting with depleted forces until November 11th when they received their first reinforcing draft.

December 18th: They launched an attack with a bayonet charge in the German trench; they lost almost 50 % of their men during that attack. He was wounded in action (Gunshot wound to the thigh). He was admitted to hospital on December 21st. He was transferred to the 3rd battalion (Reserve Battalion) on December 21st and discharge from hospital on December 26th.

April 1st, 1915: Transferred to the 2nd battalion (Active Service) and back in the field.

May 8th: Hospitalized at the 14th Stationary Hospital in Wimereux for measles. He was transferred to the 18th East general hospital in Cambridge, UK on May 17th. August 17th: Discharged from hospital.

May 17th: He transferred to the 3rd battalion and to the 2nd battalion on August 17th

August 5th: The battalion left the 20th Brigade to join the newly formed Guards Brigade. It became operational around mid-September.

September 25th: The first day of the Battle of Loos. They marched into the town of Loos around 2:00 pm and were relieved the next day. They suffered less casualties than the 1st battalion, 129 casualties.

October 8th: Their trench section were attacked by the Germans and they were sent to support the Grenadiers Guards which were facing a superior enemy in numbers

October 15th: In the days before the battalion was preparing a gas attack. Germans launched a gas attack at 4 am on the 15th. Scots Guards launched their counter-attack at 5 am, the battle would last 3 days and they suffered 102 casualties for that period.

January 1916: The battalion spent the whole month near the villages Meville, they were shelled most of the day but this was very ineffective.

September 15th: Both battalions were part of a major attack that was not a success. It lasted until the 17th. They were sent to rest of the 18th. 2nd battalion 16 killed, 125 wounded and 28 missing

The battalion launched a second attack to gain the missed objective of Leboeuf and Gueudecourt of September 15th, they suffered even more casualties 42 killed, 200 wounded and 88 missing

January-February 1917: No major fighting during that period but just a series of skirmishes and artillery bombardment.

March: The Germans retrieved their troops from the Hinderburgh Line and they provoked a series of small attacks from the British on their lines. Both Scots Guards regiment saw some fighting during that period.

June: Second Battle of Ypres. July 22nd: Germans launched a gas attack that continued until the 26th. On the 25th, Scots Guards launched their attack to raid the German lines. 6 killed. 28 wounded and 132 gassed

July 31st: Third Battle of Ypres The 2nd battalion launched its attack 38 minutes after 0 hours and suffered less casualties.

October 8th: The 2nd battalion relieved the 1st and got into their position to lead next day’s attack. They are going to be relieved on the 13th.

November 24th: The battalion was sent to the lines for the Battle of Cambrai and take Bourlon Woods. They suffered many casualties but much less than their previous engagement.

November 30th: The Germans counter-attacked and both battalions were thrown back in the battle in order to stop the Germans advance. They were taken out of the lines on December 11th and had a quiet rest of December.

January 3rd, 1918: Wounded (gas) and admitted to the 3rd Field Ambulance. He rejoined on January 24th.

End of March: Start of the German spring offensive. From March 21st up to April 15th, the battalion got 34 killed, 149 wounded and 5 missing

End of April-May: no major attack occurred during that period but the casualties for that period were 9 killed, 67 wounded and 2 missing.

End of June: Battalion received American reinforcement and they were to be trained to gain some combat experience.

August 21st: They were relieved from the line on that day but were called back 2 days later, the 23rd. They were then thrown into the battle relieved on the 25th. For those 2 days they suffered 16 killed and 94 wounded.

August 23th: They were stationed near St-Léger and the battle of the last 100 days of the war started. The battle lasted two days.

September 3rd: They took the trench near Vraucourt the day before and they launched their attack at 5:20 am on the morning of the 3rd. They came within 1000 yards of crossing the canal du Nord.

September 26th: Battle of Cambrai. Both battalions had been practising the crossing of the channel while in reserve at rear in the days before. At 7:10 am on the 24th, the 1st battalion launched its attack, the 2nd followed at 9:05 am. They reached their with o total casualties of 3 killed, 12 wounded and 1 missing.

October 10th: Battle of the Canal du Nord, at 5:00 am they launched their attack and they advanced 4 miles during that day for very minimal loss. The push continued on the 11th and was halted that evening. At 2 pm on the 12th, the Germans had withdrawn the regiment then proceeded forward until the evening of the 13th. They suffered 15 killed and 59 wounded for those 3 days.

Mid-December: They entered Germany as the Army of Occupation. They were stationed in Sulz from December 22nd to January 1st.

January 1st 1919: They arrived in Cologne

February 1st: They were back in Sulz. They left Cologne on March 6th and embarked on a motorized convoy, they reached Wimbledon United, Kingdom on March 10th.

February 11th: He was awarded Military Medal (London Gazette) and received the medal on March 18th.

Private James Hopkinson WW1 Medals Index Card

He received his 1914 Star on February 28th and his WW1 pair May 11th

March 23rd: He transferred to the Regular Army on demobilization

May 7th, 1921: Mobilized and attached to the 1st battalion

August 31st, 1924: He reengaged for four years

August 4th, 1927: He married Lettie Lodge in Leeds

August 30th, 1928: He was discharged from the army

He served for three years in United Kingdom between 1939 and 1945, probably with the Veterans Guards

He died in 1975 (April-May-June)

If you know more information on this gentleman, please leave me message so I can add it to his small biography.

Nursing Sister Marion Brocksopp A.R.R.C.

Sister Marion Brocksopp served with the Territorial Force Nursing Service with the British Army during WW1. She is entitled to the Associate Royal Red Cross Decoration (2nd class), the 1914/15 Star, the British War Medal and the Victory Medal. Her medals group also include her Territorial Force Nursing Service Cape Badge.

Born 1877 at Walsall, Staffordshire

Worked initially as a Governess and later as a Private Nurse.

August 12th, 1914 : Enlisted in the Territorial Force Nursing Service.

2 October : Posted on His Majesty Hospital Ship ‘Oxfordshire’. The ship was sent to Scapa Flow as a base ship but subsequently moved to the English Channel to undertake army hospital work.

April 1915 : She was serving in the ship Oxfordshire when it was deployed as the base hospital ship at Mudros, Greece. During the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps withdrawal from Gallipoli, the boats from ‘Oxfordshire’ were used to bring off the wounded from the beaches.

29 April 1916 : She left the ship Oxfordshire and transferred to the  31st British General Hospital in Port Said, Egypt.

9 May 1918 : She was transferred to Salonika where she worked at 61st and 41st British General Hospitals.

5 October : Transferred from Salonika for home service on and was employed at 1st Southern General Hospital, Edgbaston, Birmingham.

31 July 1919 : Her Royal Red Cross 2nd class was announced in the London Gazette.

16 May : Demobilized, she gave her address as ‘Eastcroft’, Coleshill Road, Sutton Coldfield, Warwickshire.

March 1940 : She applied for help at the Joint Nursing and Voluntary Aid Detachment Services committee.

If you know more information on this lady, please leave me message so I can add it to her small biography

Nursing Sister Marion Brocksopp WW1 medals

Staff Nurse Hetty Elizabeth Milnes A.R.R.C.

Staff Nurse Hetty Elizabeth Milnes served during WW1 with the Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military nurses. She is entitled to the Royal Red Cross 2nd class, the British War Medal and the Victory Medal.

Born on July 4th, 1879 in Mont Kerry, Montgomery, Wales

1881 United Kingdom census : Listed as living with her grand-mother, Mary Downes, on a 153 acres farm in Great Cloddia, Kerry, Montgomeryshire, Wales. Also living with her her aunt, Sarah Downes born in 1846, her uncle, Walter Downes born 1854 and her uncle, William born 1850. They also had 4 servants Richard Trow (born 1846), Samuel Tudor (born 1864), Daniel Edwards (born 1858) and Maria Jones (born 1867)

1901 United Kingdom census : She was an elementary school teacher and living in the school’s house in Kerry Montgomery county. Her father was James L. and he was a schoolmaster, Her mother’s name was Agnes. She had three sisters Dora E, Hilda A., Mildred B. and two brothers Alan D. and William M.

1911 United Kingdom census : Listed as living in St Pancras district in London

May 25th, 1915 : Enlisted with the Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military nurses. She had previously worked at the Royal Infirmary in Shrewbury.

Trade : nurse for a doctor                    status : single

February  : Posted at the 3rd Hospital in Western Cardiff until May 24th, 1916.

May 25th, 1917 : Posted at the 57th British General Hospital in Marseilles, France with the B.E.F.

July 28th : She cut her forehead and dislocated her major finger in her right hand when tripping over a cord from a tent and fell on the ground. She received a three weeks permission.

She left the 57th British General Hospital.

June 6th, 1918 : Permission until June 20th.

1919, July 31st : Awarded the Royal Red Cross Second Class (London Gazette). She was with the 1st  London General Hospital in Camberwell

End of June : Posted at the 47th General Hospital in Bonn, Germany until August 21st, 1919 when she left Germany.

September 6th : Arrived at the Special Surgical Hospital in Manchester.

November 12th : Demobilised at the Special Surgical Hospital in Manchester.

Address after demobilisation : Kerry Newroom, Montgomeryshire

Served with Territorial Force Nursing Service from February 27th, 1916 to November 18th, 1919.

September 3rd, 1922 : Promoted from the rank of Sister.

1930, November 14th, : Sailed on the Empress of Australia from South Hampton to New York City. Sailed back to United Kingdom on early April 1931

December 31st, 1934 : Retired after reaching the mandatory age of retirement, 55.

1968 : Died (April-May-June) in Basford, United Kingdom

Typical Royal Red Cross second class WW1 medals group with a Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service cape badge

click on the images to enlarge

Uniform worn by Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military nurses WW1 (note the cape badge worn on the right side of the cape)

Warrant Officer Arthur Edwin Haines M.I.D.

Warrant officer class I Arthur Edwin Haines served during the Boers’ War with the Royal West Kent Regiment (British Force) and in World War One with the 67th battalion Canadian Expeditionary Force. He is entitled to the Queen’s Mediterranean Medal, the British War Medal and the Victory Medal with Oak leaves. He was also Mentioned in Dispatches (M.I.D.). His War Service Badge number 305660.

Born on March 5th, 1881 in Kent, England    Religion : Church of England

1881 census United Kingdom taken in Warmington, Northampton, England

Arthur E. born in 1881 at Chislehurst, Kent, England

Father: George William Haines 1855 – 1928

Mother: Gabriella Dorcus Sutton 1857 – 1889

He had 3 brothers and one sister Albert Haines (born 1879), George Ernest Haines (born 1883), William Haines (born 1885) and Harriet Haines (born 1888)

Boer’s War

October 25th, 1899 : He enlisted in the 3rd battalion Royal West Kent Regiment (listed as a labourer on Mr Batholenew Betson‘s farm)

Height : 5′ 3″ Hair : brown         Weight : 107 lbs      Eyes : gray

December 11th : The Royal West Kent regiment assembled at Maidstone.

December 16th : Absent from tattoo until 17h00 on the 17th (1 day forfeit pay)

January 4th, 1900 : They left Chatham Barracks and ship sailed at 14:30. He arrived in Malta on January 15th

He was reprimanded 4 times while stationned in Malta

March 25th, 1901 : The King visited the troops stationed in Malta

May 31st : Embarked on ship Formosa and left the next day. The ship Dilwara left the port on June 2nd with some companies of the 3rd battalion. Formosa arrived in Southampton (June 9th) and Dilwara arrived at Maidstone on June 10th.

April 14th, 1902 : Transferred to the Royal Horse Artillery (number 23444)

Height : 5′ 6″       Weight : 130 lbs

June 4th, 1904 : Transferred to the Army Veterinary Corps

August 5th, 1906 : He married Mabel Annie Cox, together they had 5 children Mabel Annie Haines  (1907 – 1909), Florence May Haines (1909 – 1985), Arthur Edwin Haines (1912 – 1915), William Haines (1916 – 1985) and Albert Edwin Haines (1920 – 1998)

February 8th, 1909 : He transferred to the Reserve Army Veterinary Corps

1911 Canadian census : He is listed as living in Nanaimo, British Columbia

First World War

He enlisted on September 7th, 1915 in the 67th battalion in Victoria, British Columbia.

Height : 5′ 7″                 Weight : 156 lbs     Eyes : hazel

Trade : teamster          Hair : dark Brown

He sailed from Halifax on April 1st, 1916 on SS Olympic and arrived in England on March 11th.

April 1st: He was appointed acting sergeant and confirmed as a Battery Sergeant Major.

June 9th: He was promoted Sergeant and confirmed in the rank on July 5th.

August 5th : He was appointed Company Sergeant Major.

August 13th : Left camp at 6:30, sailed from Southampton at 8:00 on the HMT 460. Arrived on the 14th. Confirmed Company Sergeant Major on that day. He entrained at Havre, France on the 17th and arrived in Poperinghe, Belgium at 10:30 on the 18th.

November 4th : He was promoted Warrant Officer class II.

Picture of Warrant Officer Arthur Edwin Haines (probably taken end of 1916 – early 1917)

Haines, Arthur Edwin(3)

picture from Pauline Haines

May 1st, 1917 : He was struck of strength 67th battalion and arrived with his new unit (54th battalion) on May 2nd.

July 29th : The battalion captured their first houses in the city of Lens

September 6th : First day of Lens’ battle. The 54th was part of the first wave of the attack.

August 3rd, 1918 : Left Warlus for Amiens. Arrived on the 7th.

August 8th : They moved to their position for the initial assault behind Gentelles Wood.

August 10th : Arrived in Merihencourt

September 2nd: At 5:00 am the battalion is ordered to march forward

September 27th : Crossed Canal du Nord and captured the eastern part of Bourlon Wood.

September 28th : Promoted Warrant Officer class I and appointed Regimental Sergeant Major.

September 29th : Launched their attack from Bourlon Wood village, they were shelled and suffered a lot of casualties.

November 2nd : Battalion took the town of Marly.

April 18th, 1919 : Battalion left Groenedal, reaching Havre, France on the 20th. He sailed to England at 16:30 on April 28th and arrived in Southampton on the 29th.

Picture of Warrant Officer Arthur Edwin Haines

On the cuff of his right sleeve you can see the Warrant Officer rank and the three chevrons, each one representing one year of good services oversea. Over the flap of his left pocket of his tunic, you can see the Queen Mediterranean Medal ribbon

May 31st : He embarked for Canada on H.M.T. Mauretania

June 8th : He reached Hamilton. left on the 10th

He was discharged on June 13th with the rank of Regimental Sergeant Major

Mentioned in Dispatches on July 8th, 1919 (London Gazette 31448). In the official history of the battalion he is listed as a Military Cross recipient but neither his file or any official Canadian records list him as a Military Cross recipient. Since the book was printed in 1919, I think he was recommended for a Military Cross but it was downgraded to a Mentioned in Dispatches by that time the book had already being sent to the printer and they could not changed the text.

Warrant Officer Arthur Edwin Haines medals (picture from the family)

As mentionned in the above paragraph, not sure about the Military Cross (first medal from the left)

Haines, Arthur Edwin medals

picture from Pauline Haines

He died on February 20th, 1935. Buried in plot T 091 E 40 in Ross Bay Burial Cemetery, Victoria British Columbia.

Also in the same lot are;

Haines, Arthur Edwin, born Victoria, died Victoria, Mar 16, 1915, aged 30

Haines, Mabel Anne, born in Lock Bottom, Kent, died Victoria, Sep 4, 1970, aged 67

White, Ada Mary, born Eng, died Victoria, Apr 9, 1940, aged 74

If you know more information on this gentleman, please leave me message so I can add it to his small biography.

Picture of his grave in Ross Bay Burial Cemetery, British Columbia